The Four Main Types of Braces and How You Can Take Care of Them

The history of orthodontic braces has evolved from the archaeological find of the first form of ligature in a gold wire that bound the teeth of a Roman in a tomb in Egypt and the significant early advancements of a “Bandeau” device in the 18th century. More orthodontic advancements have been developed and are currently in use as time goes by.

Today, dentists recommend dental braces as a solution to over and underbites, malocclusions, gaps, and crooked or crowded teeth. There are several braces that you can choose as a medical device. Here are some more information and tips on maintaining their look and function:

The Kinds of Braces

There are currently four main kinds of orthodontic braces that you can choose from today. Each one differs in build and materials with their corresponding pros and cons. Therefore, it is essential to know how each differs from the other and which one would suit your needs and your budget.

●        Metal Braces

Stainless steel and rubber or elastic bands make up the traditional metallic braces. These ties come in different colours to show your favourite colour or choose to express yourself with something new. They are the most affordable and recognizable ones as they have been around the industry for more than a hundred years.

These braces were initially bulky, non-removable, and need to be adjusted by your dentist every 4 to 8 weeks. Fortunately, the current metal braces now use heat-activated archwires that provide improved comfortability and allow the mobility of your teeth with less pain. They are also smaller and faster to adjust and are more effective but still require care and good oral hygiene.

●        Ceramic Braces

These clear or ceramic braces are the most similar to metal orthodontics. However, they are more discreet and less visible affordable alternatives to the traditional ones. In addition, they can either be translucent or feature tooth enamel-coloured wires.

Moreover, the material tends to stain faster and easier depending on your diet and oral hygiene practices. Finally, some individuals find these ceramic braces uncomfortable. These orthodontics can occasionally break and protrude to the gums and cheeks.

●        Lingual Braces

These lingual orthodontics are attached to the back of your teeth and are invisible from the front as you smile. In addition, you can fully customise the lingual braces according to your mouth or teeth. Therefore, they are most suited for individuals with complex dental needs.

However, these lingual braces are the least common among the other types of braces as it needs a different set of expertise. Unfortunately, not all dentists choose to go another mile and learn to be proficient with these orthodontics. Thus, you should take advantage of a clinic that offers one if you decide to install this aesthetic device.

●        Aligners

The aligners are the most recent braces and have since become popular among health-conscious individuals. They are a series of clear and transparent plastic aligners that are removable so you can practice your usual mouth hygiene. Even better, they only require fewer and shorter visits to your orthodontist.

Furthermore, aligners are only suitable for minor problems such as overbites, gaps, and misaligned teeth. They are not ideal for individuals with jaw issues or other comprehensive issues. In addition, these braces are an investment that needs utmost care to prevent stains and damage.


Additional Tips on Taking Care of Them

The type of braces you choose will depend mainly on your needs. Nevertheless, every dental appliance will need to be taken care of to maintain its function and extend its usability.

Brushing your teeth at least twice a day and flossing and mouthwash every day still applies to individuals wearing dental braces.

Furthermore, you should avoid chewing on non-food items but stay away from hard candies, pretzels, ice, soda, and sugary treats that can stain and damage the appliance.

You can also ask your dentist about disclosing tablets and wax to help your oral hygiene and health.