periodontal instruments

Periodontal Instruments for Oral Surgical and Scaling Procedures

In order to treat dental diseases for instance calculus, tartar, or gingivitis specific periodontal instruments are used that include scalars, knives, periotomes, curettes, or surgical chisels. These are commonly used in root planing, extraction, implantation, and scaling procedures. 

Role in Oral Surgeries 

Let’s discuss the role, features, and functions of this equipment. 

Periodontal Scalers

Commonly, scalars are beneficial to remove the tartar, plaque, and calculus or are also used in scaling processes. This equipment is available in various shapes and designs. It has narrow working ends which allow better access to the narrow spaces between teeth, gums, and ligaments. Accessing the molar or posterior teeth is not easy during operations but scalars help the dentists to have clear visibility and accessibility to the working areas. 

German stainless steel material is used in making the scalars which ensures the best productivity in processes. While buying the dental sickle scalers dentists should check the balance, texture, diameter, or weight of the equipment so there will be no complications in surgeries. 

Periodontal knives

In dentistry, knives are also known as scalpels. During operations, knives are helpful to make incisions such as during biopsies or dissection processes. It is small bladed equipment with sharp ends and a high degree of precision.  In shape, these can be curved or straight. Mostly dental knives are made with stainless steel material and are of various sizes and designs. Handles and blades are sterilizable and reusable. Blades are replaceable and one can replace them when blades lose their sharpness and become dull. 

Periodontal files

In periodontal instruments, files are of great importance as this helps to remove the extra or dropping amalgam restoratives during the filling of cavities. It is helpful to remove the subgingival or supragingival calculus.  It has blades in parallel series which are beneficial to break down the clinging accumulations of tartar or calculus.

There are very fine blades present which is not easy to clean or reprocess. For cleaning purposes, a pull stroke is needed which keeps them working effectively. This equipment is light in weight and sterilizable. It ensures a high degree of precision and error-free procedures. Before using the equipment or after using it, dentists should ensure that these are thoroughly cleaned and sterilized. 

Periodontal curettes

Dental curettes are a great choice for the removal of subgingival calculus or soft tissues in the deep pockets. And it is one of the most important periodontal instruments that dentists need in various oral procedures. It is best to use in scaling, altered cementum, and root planing procedures. It has cutting edges on both sides of the working ends. As compared to the scalar, the curette is fine and has sharp points. That is the reason dentists prefer curettes over scalars for accessing deep pockets.

There are two types of curettes namely universal curettes and area-specific curettes. Universal curettes are used in periodontal scaling processes as it has two working ends. When small-sized calculus or plaque is present in the mouth then universal curette is helpful to remove those deposits. These are used for the treatment of both subgingival and supragingival calculus. There are different sizes and designs of blades and shanks available which can be used as per the need of procedures. 

The second type is area-specific curette and it is also known as Gracey curettes. These are designed for specific tooth areas and there is one cutting present on one blade. From the shank, the Gracey curette has an angle of 60-70 degrees but on the other hand, the universal curette has an angle of 90 degrees to the lower shank. Gracey curettes are helpful to use in root planning and scaling procedures. 


Periotomes have great significance as they help to dissect the ligaments and adjacent tissues in dental extraction and implantation processes. In different operations, it prevents the injury of nearby gums, tissues, and teeth. Periotomes allow a clear range of vision to periodontal narrow spaces. This equipment provides a firm grip which enhances the dentist’s control over the instrument and lessens fingers or hand fatigue.  Periotomes are available in different designs with different sizes and mostly these are made with German stainless steel material. Which maximizes the longevity and durability of the equipment. 

Surgical chisels 

It helps in re-contouring, cleaving, or cutting bones. Dentists prefer chisels over handpieces during the extraction of molars as chisels are more effective and faster to use in surgeries. Different designs of chisels are available for instance these can be double-ended or single sides. A double-sided chisel has different curvatures which help while in multiple workings. 

Final Thoughts 

No dentist can do scaling, extraction, implantation, or root planning without having periodontal instruments. So, it is essential, dentists should have reliable, effective, and safe-to-use surgical tools. At GerDentUSA Inc. we are supplying and manufacturing different types, designs, and shapes of dental instruments at competitive prices without compromising on quality. Whether you are looking for scalers, periotomes, debridement curettes, surgical knives, furcation curette or any other equipment then do not forget to visit our website and add the items of your preference to the cart.